Then & Now
An Industrial Powerhouse
Perhaps even more than its manpower advantage, the North’s overwhelming industrial prowess won the Civil War, with much credit due to Pennsylvania. The Gilded Age that followed the war continued to be prosperous for Pennsylvania as the industrial powerhouse of the U.S., and Pennsylvania exemplified that age in which a different sort of civil war—between capital and labor—became a leading feature of national life.
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- Charles Winston Smith and Charles Judah, eds. Life in the North During the Civil War: A Source History (Univ. of New Mexico Press, 1966).
- Brian Butko and Nicholas Ciotola, eds., Industry and Infantry: The Civil War in Western Pennsylvania (Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, 2003).
- Matthew Gallman, Mastering Wartime: A Social History of Philadelphia During the Civil War (Cambridge University Press, 1990).
- Walter Licht, “Civil Wars: 1850-1900,” in Randall Miller and William Pencak, eds., Pennsylvania: A History of the Commonwealth (Penn State Press, 2002), pp. 202-56.
- Grace Palladino, Another Civil War: Labor, Capital, and the State in the Anthracite Regions of Pennsylvania, 1840-1868 (University of Illinois Press, 1990).
- Phillip Shaw Paludan, “A People’s Contest”: The Union and the Civil War, 1861-1865 (Harper and Row, 1988).