Lesson Plans | Pennsylvania Civil War 150
The PA Civil War 150 commemoration has concluded. You are viewing a static, archived version of the PA Civil War 150 website which will not be updated. It is a snapshot of the website with minor modifications as it appeared on July 16, 2015.
Pennsylvania Civil War 150

Pennsylvania Civil War 150

Then & Now

Lesson Plans

Lesson 1:
Healing Black Soldiers

Not only was the combat performance of black soldiers scrutinized on the battlefield, but the Union Army monitored their health performance. How did physicians understand similarities and differences between black male bodies and white ones?

Download Lesson 1 (PDF)   View Photos

Lesson 2:
Trying to Cure Cowardice

A cowardly soldier disgraced himself, his family, and his comrades, but what made him a coward—fear? How was cowardly behavior a medical problem, and how did combat stress or homesickness contribute to it?

Download Lesson 2 (PDF)   View Photos

Lesson 3:
"Please Don't Cut Off My Leg?"

Amputating arms and legs was sometimes a life-saving but severe necessity in the case of gunshot wounds. How would you amputate a limb, what tools would you need, and how would you know that you made the right decision?

Download Lesson 3 (PDF)   View Photos

Lesson 4:
Bodies Broken By Bullets

Rifles that fired lead bullets called Minnie or Minié balls killed and maimed more soldiers at greater distances than in any past war. When bullets tear bone and tissue, how do you locate and remove them and try to prevent infection?

Download Lesson 4 (PDF)   View Photos

Lesson 5:
Recruiting Healthy Bodies

New recruits must be examined for fitness to be soldiers. What did fitness for duty mean during the Civil War, and how would you examine soldiers and for what problems?

Download Lesson 5 (PDF)  View Photos

Lesson 6:
Evacuating the Wounded

During the first battles of the war, the Union Army did not have a reliable way to recover wounded soldiers from the battlefield and get them to hospital. Why was the ambulance created and how was it used?

Download Lesson 6 (PDF)   View Photos

Lesson 7:
Navigating the Medical World of Men

The war created a social revolution for women: for the first time, they worked as professionals alongside doctors in hospitals doing work that had been unthinkable for women only a few years before. What did women do in military hospitals and how successful were they?

Download Lesson 7 (PDF)   View Photos

Lesson 8:
Creating a Healthy Camp

Soldiers came from urban and rural backgrounds, from all social classes, and in the crowded conditions of camps they shared everything, including disease. What steps would you take to reduce infections and eliminate diseases from typhus to smallpox?

Download Lesson 8 (PDF)   View Photos

Lesson 9:
Sick Call

Early every morning, the regimental doctor held sick call: soldiers lined up to be examined for illness and be removed from duty, if necessary. As a doctor, how would you determine illness from the soldiers’ complaints, and can you tell if they are faking it?

Download Lesson 9 (PDF)   View Photos

Lesson 10:
Preserving the Horse Power of the Army

The war killed about a million horses. Horses and mules were essential to the movement of armies and supplies, so how do you control a disease outbreak among them, or feed them when your own soldiers do not receive sufficient rations to stay healthy?

Download Lesson 10 (PDF)   View Photos

Events Calendar

Want to learn more about The Civil War? Find an event near you.

Experience the Civil War

Get personal with the Civil War. Hear the Gettysburg Address, see Civil War artifacts and navigate the timeline and map.