Facts & Figures | Pennsylvania Civil War 150
The PA Civil War 150 commemoration has concluded. You are viewing a static, archived version of the PA Civil War 150 website which will not be updated. It is a snapshot of the website with minor modifications as it appeared on July 16, 2015.
Pennsylvania Civil War 150

Pennsylvania Civil War 150

Understand

Facts & Figures

National Statistics

Population at the Start of the War

Union

Free: 21,909,269
Slave: 432,632
Total: 22,341,901

Note: The slave population of the Union was primarily concentrated in the border states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri.

Confederacy

Free: 5,482,222
Slave: 3,521,150
Total: 9,003,372

Total

Free: 27,391,491
Slave: 3,953,782
Total: 31,345,273

Number of Men Who Fought in War

Union: 2,100,000
Confederate: 1,064,000

Casualties

Union

Killed in action: 110,000
Other deaths: 250,000
Total dead: 360,000
Wounded: 275,200

Confederate

Killed in action: 93,000
Other deaths: 167,000
Total dead: 260,000
Wounded: 137,000

Industry

Railroad miles at the start of the war

Union: 20,000
Confederacy: 9,000

Number of factories

Union: 110,274
Confederacy: 18,026
Total: 128,300

Miles of telegraph line laid during the war (approximate)

Union: 15,000
Confederacy: 461

Note: Although many miles were laid, telegraph lines were frequently destroyed by acts of sabotage.

Pennsylvania Statistics

Population in 1860 2,906,215

Military Service

Army: 360,000 (17% of Union forces)
Navy: 40,000
Militia: 25,000
United States Colored Troops: 8,612 (10.9% of northern total)

Medal of Honor Recipients

187 (12% of total awarded)

Casualties

Total killed in action: 15,265 (13.9% of Union killed)
Total died of all causes: 33,183 (9.2% of Union deaths)

Gettysburg casualties

Union: 23,055
Confederate: 23,000 (approximate)
Pennsylvanian civilians killed: 1

Industry

Union iron produced in Pennsylvania: 80%
Union anthracite coal produced in Pennsylvania: 100%
Union ironclad ships produced in Pennsylvania: 4
Cannons produced by Fort Pitt Works: 2,000
Cannons produced by Phoenixville Iron Company: 1,000
Bullets produced at Allegheny Arsenal 40,000 per day
Employees of Allegheny Arsenal: 1,100 (increased from pre-war 308)
Killed in Allegheny Arsenal explosion: 78

Information for this section was contributed by Kelly Knight, The Pennsylvania State University.

CWPA 150 welcomes your feedback. To share your comments or Civil War stories, please e-mail editor@pacivilwar150.com.

Events Calendar

Want to learn more about The Civil War? Find an event near you.

Experience the Civil War

Get personal with the Civil War. Hear the Gettysburg Address, see Civil War artifacts and navigate the timeline and map.